Marginal Ulcer After RNY Bypass 4 – 8%

Marginal Ulcer After RNY Bypass 4-8.0%

“With the rising number of Roux en-Y gastric bypasses performed around the world, general surgeons should expect to face an equally rising number of early- and late-term complications.

Marginal or anastomotic ulcers constitute the majority of these cases, representing as many as 52 percent of postoperative complications.[13]

Marginal ulceration is a challenging problem, which can cause significant of morbidity in the postoperative bariatric patient. In addition, while prevention is key, it is often difficult to achieve.”

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Clinical Research

Comparison of Hand-Sewn, Linear-Stapled, and Circular-Stapled Gastrojejunostomy in Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Frank P. Bendewald, Jennifer N. Choi, Lorie S. Blythe, Don J. Selzer, John H. Ditslear and Samer G. Mattar

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Abstract

Background  

There is no consensus on the ideal gastrojejunostomy anastomosis (GJA) technique in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
(LRYGB). We reviewed our experience with three GJA techniques (hand-sewn (HSA), linear-stapled (LSA), and 25-mm circular-stapled
(CSA)) to determine which anastomosis technique is associated with the lowest early (60-day) anastomotic complication rates.

Methods  

From November 2004 through December 2009, 882 consecutive patients underwent LRYGB using three GJA techniques: HSA, LSA, and
CSA. All patients had a minimum of 2 months follow-up. Records were reviewed for postoperative gastrojejunostomy leak, stricture,
and marginal ulcer, and these early complications were classified according to anastomosis technique. Multivariate analysis
was performed to determine associations between complications and anastomosis technique.

Results  

Preoperative demographics, length of hospital stay, and postoperative follow-up did not differ between the three groups. The
majority of patients underwent LSA (n = 514, 61.6%) followed by HSA (n = 180, 21.6%) and CSA (n = 140, 16.8%). Using multivariate analysis, there were no statistically significant differences in the rates of leak (LSA
1.0%, HSA 1.1%, CSA 0.0%, p = 0.480), stricture (LSA 6.0%, HSA 6.1%, CSA 4.3%, p = 0.657), or marginal ulcer (LSA 8.0%, HSA 7.7%, CSA 3.6%, p = 0.180).

Conclusions  

The three techniques can be used safely with a low complication rate. Our data do not identify a superior anastomosis technique.

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