Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1998 Dec;59(6):401-6. Oxidant stress, anti-oxidants, nitric oxide and essential fatty acids in peptic ulcer disease. Manjari V, Das UN. Source Division of Internal Medicine, Clinical Immunology and Biochemistry, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. Abstract In patients with duodenal ulcer (DU), the plasma levels of nitrite and lipid peroxides, the anti-oxidant content of red cells and plasma phospholipid fatty acid analysis were performed both before and after healing of the ulcer following treatment with lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor. These results showed that during the phase of active DU, the concentrations of antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) in red cells were low where as those of lipid peroxides and nitric oxide were high. Of the fatty acids measured, the concentration of palmitic acid (16:0) was increased during the active ulcer phase whereas those of arachidonic acid, alpha-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid were low. These biochemical abnormalities reverted to normal following healing of the ulcer with lansoprazole. These results coupled with the observation that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can inhibit the growth of Helicobacterpylori and heal the ulcer suggest that free radicals, anti-oxidants, nitric oxide and PUFAs may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of DU. If this is true, it suggests that PUFAs can be exploited as potential anti-peptic ulcer drugs.


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